Europe and the Mediterranean

Lesser Armenia

Medieval kingdom, along the Gulf of Iskenderun in Turkey

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The airports in the area are:

  • Adana Sakirpasa Airport
  • Gaziantep Oguzeli Airport
  • Ankara Esenboga Internacional Airport


  • The main port of the area is Iskenderun



New Turkish Lira

Where to sleep

Tourist office

Iskenderun Tourist Information Office
Atatürk Bulvari 49/B
Iskenderun (Hatay)
Tel: (+90-326) 6141620
Fax: (+90-326) 6132879

To visit


  • In Adana: Anavarza, Hermite Kalesi, Karatepe, Snake, Toprakkale, Ullu Cami, Yerápolis
  • In Iskendernun: Belen, Epiphaneia, Guzelyala, Issos, Payas, Sakal Tutan
  • In Gaziantep: Araban, Citadel, Doliche, Kilis, Omerije Camii, Sakcagoz, Tellbasar Kalesi


  • Adana Archaeological Museum
  • Gaziantep Archaeological Museum


  • The main cities in the area are: Adana, Ceyhan, Osmaniye, Iskenderun y Gaziantep
  • Iskenderun is also known as Alexandretta. Founded probably by Alexander the Great, it was a port of contact with the Silo Road.
  • Some scenes of the film “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade” were shot in Iskenderun.

Do not forget

  • Iskenderun is today an important industrial centre, military port and point of arrival to the sea of the Iraq oil pipeline.
  • Adana is an industrial and university city.
  • Yumurtalik (formerly named Ayas), on the best coast of the Gula of Iskenderun, was the most important port in Lesser Armenia in Marco Polo’s and Ramon Llull’s time.

More information


Ramon Llull quotations

«Do not live off others and you will live free»

Messages about Ramon Llull

Ramon Llull had an extraordinary vitality: he lived over eighty years and wrote more than 250 books.

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